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The Presidency of Donald Trump: A Closer Look

“The Presidency of Donald Trump: A Closer Look” provides readers with an insightful examination of the life, achievements, and success philosophies of the 45th President of the United States. From 2017 to 2021, Donald Trump commanded global attention, leaving an indelible mark on the nation’s political landscape. Through this article, readers will gain a deeper understanding of Trump’s journey, exploring key milestones, notable policies, and the impact of his unique leadership style. Join us as we delve into the fascinating complexities of a presidency that defined an era.

Early Life and Business Career

Childhood and Education

Donald Trump was born on June 14, 1946, in Queens, New York City. He grew up in a middle-class family, the fourth of five children. Trump’s father, Fred Trump, was a successful real estate developer, which had a significant influence on Donald’s future career choices. He attended the Kew-Forest School in Queens before being sent to the New York Military Academy for his high school education.

Real Estate Ventures

After completing his education, Donald Trump joined his father’s real estate business, the Trump Organization, in 1968. He quickly showed his entrepreneurial spirit and started taking charge of various real estate projects. Trump caught the attention of the public and media in the 1970s with the renovation of the Commodore Hotel and the construction of Trump Tower in Manhattan. These projects showcased his ambition and ability to make deals in the competitive New York real estate market.

The Trump Organization

Donald Trump became the president of the Trump Organization in 1971, succeeding his father. Under his leadership, the company expanded its real estate holdings and diversified into other industries, including hotels, casinos, and entertainment. Throughout his business career, Trump branded his projects with the Trump name, establishing himself as a recognizable figure in the world of luxury and opulence.

Political Aspirations and Campaign

Entrance into Politics

Although Donald Trump had flirted with the idea of running for political office in the past, it wasn’t until 2015 that he made his official entry into politics. Trump announced his candidacy for the Republican Party’s presidential nomination, positioning himself as a political outsider and a successful businessman who could bring change to Washington.

2016 Presidential Campaign

The 2016 presidential campaign was marked by Donald Trump’s unconventional approach and controversial statements. Utilizing his background in business, Trump ran on a platform of economic prosperity, promising to bring jobs back to America and renegotiate trade deals that he believed were disadvantageous to the country. His straightforward and often polarizing communication style resonated with a significant portion of the American electorate.

Key Campaign Promises

During his campaign, Donald Trump made several key promises that resonated with many voters. He pledged to build a border wall between the United States and Mexico to address immigration concerns, renegotiate trade agreements such as NAFTA to protect American jobs, and repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act. These promises formed the core of his appeal to supporters and helped propel him to victory in the Electoral College, securing the presidency.

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Inauguration and Transition

Inauguration Day

On January 20, 2017, Donald Trump was inaugurated as the 45th President of the United States. The inauguration ceremony took place on the west front of the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C. In his inaugural address, Trump emphasized his commitment to putting America first and promised to bring about radical changes in Washington.

Transition Team and Cabinet Nominations

Prior to taking office, Donald Trump assembled a transition team to help him smoothly transition into the presidency. This team was responsible for selecting individuals to fill key cabinet positions and advising Trump on policy matters. Trump’s cabinet nominations were met with both praise and criticism, with some praising his choice of business-minded individuals, while others expressed concerns about their lack of political experience.

Policy Priorities

During the transition period, Donald Trump outlined his policy priorities for his presidency. His agenda included ambitious goals such as tax reform, healthcare reform, immigration reform, and infrastructure investment. Trump’s focus on these policy areas reflected his intention to tackle longstanding issues and fulfill his campaign promises.

Domestic Policy

Tax Reform

One of the main domestic policy initiatives of the Trump administration was the passage of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act in 2017. The legislation aimed to stimulate economic growth by reducing corporate tax rates, lowering individual tax rates, and simplifying the tax code. Proponents argued that the tax cuts would lead to increased business investment and job creation, while critics raised concerns about the impact on the national debt and income inequality.


Donald Trump made repealing and replacing the Affordable Care Act (ACA), also known as Obamacare, a priority during his campaign. However, efforts to pass a comprehensive healthcare reform bill faced challenges, and a full repeal of the ACA was not achieved. Nevertheless, the Trump administration took steps to modify elements of the ACA, such as eliminating the individual mandate penalty and expanding access to association health plans.


Immigration was a prominent issue throughout Donald Trump’s presidency. He sought to address illegal immigration by advocating for stricter border control and the construction of a border wall. Trump’s administration implemented policies such as the “zero tolerance” policy, which led to increased scrutiny and family separations at the border. These immigration policies sparked intense debates and raised concerns about human rights violations.

Criminal Justice Reform

In 2018, President Trump signed the First Step Act, a bipartisan criminal justice reform bill aimed at reducing recidivism and improving prison conditions. The legislation included provisions such as expanding rehabilitative programs, revising sentencing guidelines for nonviolent offenders, and offering early release opportunities. The First Step Act marked a significant step towards criminal justice reform, garnering support from both sides of the political spectrum.

Foreign Policy and International Relations

Trade Policies

Donald Trump implemented a policy of “America First” when it came to international trade. His administration took a more protectionist approach by imposing tariffs on goods imported from countries like China and engaging in renegotiations of existing trade agreements. The goal was to protect American industries and jobs, but these actions also led to trade disputes and strained relations with some trading partners.

North Korea

During his presidency, Donald Trump pursued direct negotiations with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un in an effort to address the ongoing nuclear threats posed by North Korea. Trump became the first sitting U.S. president to meet with a North Korean leader, holding summits in Singapore and Hanoi. However, despite these diplomatic efforts, a comprehensive denuclearization agreement was not reached.

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Middle East

The Trump administration pursued a more assertive and unconventional approach to the Middle East. Trump recognized Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and relocated the U.S. embassy from Tel Aviv. He also withdrew the United States from the Iran nuclear deal and reinstated economic sanctions on Iran. Additionally, Trump brokered normalization agreements between Israel and several Arab countries, known as the Abraham Accords.

Relations with Russia

Throughout his presidency, Donald Trump’s relationship with Russia garnered significant attention. His advocacy for improved relations with Russia generated controversy and led to investigations into potential collusion between the Trump campaign and Russian officials during the 2016 election. Trump’s policies towards Russia were marked by a combination of cooperation, dialogue, and sanctions. However, the extent of Russian interference in U.S. elections remained a contentious issue.

Economic Policies and Job Creation


Under the Trump administration, there was a push for deregulation in various industries, aiming to reduce burdensome regulations that were seen as hindering economic growth. The administration sought to streamline regulatory processes and eliminate or revise rules considered unnecessary or overly restrictive. Proponents argued that deregulation would stimulate business activity and encourage innovation.


Donald Trump promised an ambitious infrastructure plan during his campaign, vowing to invest in improving the country’s roads, bridges, airports, and other critical infrastructure. However, despite discussions and proposals, a comprehensive infrastructure bill did not materialize during his presidency. Infrastructure remains an issue of bipartisan interest, and subsequent administrations continue to address the need for infrastructure investment.

Trade Deals

The Trump administration pursued a policy of renegotiating trade agreements it deemed unfavorable to the United States. Notably, the administration renegotiated the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and replaced it with the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA). The USMCA aimed to modernize the trade relationship between the three countries, with provisions addressing areas such as labor, environmental standards, and intellectual property rights.

Job Growth

Donald Trump frequently emphasized his commitment to creating jobs and boosting the American economy. Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, the United States experienced a period of job growth, with low unemployment rates and increased wages in certain sectors. Critics argued that the positive economic trends predated Trump’s presidency, while supporters credited his administration’s policies and deregulatory efforts for the economic improvements.

Environmental and Energy Policies

Climate Change

Donald Trump’s approach to climate change was characterized by skepticism and a focus on economic considerations. He withdrew the United States from the Paris Agreement, arguing that the agreement disadvantaged American businesses. The decision was met with criticism both domestically and internationally, as many viewed it as a setback in global efforts to combat climate change. Trump rolled back some environmental regulations, arguing that they stifled economic growth.

Paris Agreement

The Paris Agreement, an international accord aimed at addressing climate change, was a point of contention for the Trump administration. The agreement, negotiated and signed by the United States under the Obama administration, sought to limit global temperature increases by reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Trump’s decision to withdraw from the agreement was met with significant criticism from environmental advocates and other nations committed to climate action.

Energy Production

Under the Trump administration, there was a focus on expanding domestic energy production, particularly in the areas of oil, natural gas, and coal. The administration pursued policies aimed at reducing regulatory barriers to energy extraction and promoting American energy independence. This approach raised concerns from environmentalists who argued that increased fossil fuel production could exacerbate climate change and harm ecosystems.

Social Issues and Cultural Policies

Supreme Court Appointments

Donald Trump had the opportunity to nominate three justices to the Supreme Court during his presidency: Neil Gorsuch, Brett Kavanaugh, and Amy Coney Barrett. These appointments shifted the court’s ideological balance towards a more conservative majority. Trump’s nominations and the subsequent confirmations by the Senate were celebrated by conservatives who hoped for a strict interpretation of the Constitution, while critics worried about the potential impact on issues such as reproductive rights and LGBTQ+ rights.

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Abortion Rights

Abortion rights remained a highly contentious issue during Donald Trump’s presidency. Trump, along with many other Republicans, expressed opposition to abortion and sought to restrict access to the procedure. His administration implemented policies such as the Title X “gag rule,” which prohibited federally funded family planning clinics from referring patients for abortions. These policies elicited strong reactions from both supporters and opponents of abortion rights.

LGBTQ+ Rights

The Trump administration faced criticism from LGBTQ+ advocates and activists on various fronts. Trump’s decision to ban transgender individuals from serving in the military, as well as actions that rolled back protections for transgender students and employees, drew significant backlash. LGBTQ+ rights supporters viewed these actions as discriminatory and harmful to the progress made under previous administrations.

Gun Control

Donald Trump’s stance on gun control aligned with many conservative viewpoints, emphasizing the protection of Second Amendment rights. While there were instances where Trump expressed openness to certain gun control measures, such as strengthening background checks, comprehensive gun control legislation did not materialize during his presidency. The issue remained divisive, with proponents arguing for stricter gun control measures to address mass shootings, while opponents highlighted the importance of individual rights.

Controversies and Scandals

Stormy Daniels Affair

One of the most notable controversies during Donald Trump’s presidency involved an alleged affair with adult film actress Stormy Daniels. Trump’s former lawyer, Michael Cohen, admitted to paying Daniels hush money to keep the affair quiet in the lead-up to the 2016 election. The controversy raised legal and ethical questions regarding campaign finance laws and transparency.

Impeachment Proceedings

Donald Trump faced two impeachment proceedings during his presidency. The first, in 2019, was related to allegations that Trump had solicited foreign interference in the 2020 election. The second, in 2021, accused Trump of inciting an insurrection following the storming of the U.S. Capitol by his supporters. While Trump was impeached by the House of Representatives in both instances, he was acquitted by the Senate on both occasions.

Firing of Government Officials

The Trump administration experienced significant turnover in government officials throughout its tenure. Notably, Trump dismissed several high-ranking officials, including FBI Director James Comey and Secretary of State Rex Tillerson. These personnel changes often generated controversy and raised concerns about the stability and professionalism of the administration.

Public Image and Media Relations

Use of Twitter

Donald Trump’s use of Twitter during his presidency garnered significant attention and became a defining characteristic of his communication style. Trump utilized the social media platform to bypass traditional media channels and communicate directly with the public. His unfiltered and often controversial tweets generated both support and criticism, becoming a focal point in discussions about the role of social media in politics.

Relations with Mainstream Media

Donald Trump’s relationship with the mainstream media was often contentious. He frequently criticized news outlets, particularly those he deemed as providing “fake news.” Trump’s grievances with the media contributed to a broader public discourse surrounding trust in journalism and the role of a free press in a democratic society.

Public Approval Ratings

Throughout his presidency, Donald Trump’s public approval ratings varied. Supporters praised his business acumen, his unapologetic style, and his focus on America-first policies. However, critics raised concerns about his rhetoric, perceived divisiveness, and the handling of various issues. Public opinion regarding Trump’s presidency was deeply divided, reflecting the political polarization that characterized much of his tenure.

In conclusion, Donald Trump’s presidency was marked by a combination of achievements, controversies, and a unique communication style. His impact on domestic and foreign policy, as well as social and cultural issues, shaped public discourse and the perception of the presidency itself. Whether viewed positively or negatively, Donald Trump’s presidency undeniably left a significant mark on American politics.